For Advanced Undergraduates And Graduate Students

**PHY 301. (ASTR 301) Modern Astrophysics I (4) fall**

Physics of stellar atmospheres and interiors, and the formation, evolution, and death of stars. Variable stars. The evolution of binary star systems. Novae, supernovae, white dwarfs, neutron stars, pulsars, and black holes. Stellar spectra, chemical compositions, and thermodynamic processes. Thermonuclear reactions. Interstellar medium. Prerequisites: PHY 10 and 13, or PHY 11 and 21, MATH 22 or 52. McSwain (NS)

**PHY 302. (ASTR 302) Modern Astrophysics II (4) spring**

The Milky Way Galaxy, galactic morphology, and evolutionary processes. Active galaxies and quasars. Observed properties of the universe. Relativistic cosmology, and the origin, evolution and fate of the universe. Elements of General Relativity and associated phenomena. Prerequisites: PHY 10 and 13, or PHY 11 and 21, MATH 22 or 52. McCluskey (NS)

**PHY 321 (BioE 321) Biomolecular & Cellular Mechanics (3)**

Mechanics and physics of the components of the cell, ranging in length scale from fundamental biomolecules to the entire cell. The course covers the mechanics of proteins and other biopolymers in 1D, 2D, and 3D structures, cell membrane structure and dynamics, and the mechanics of the whole cell. Prerequisites Math 205, Math 231, and PHY 13/22 or 21/22, or permission of the instructor. (NS)

**PHY 331 (BioE 331) Integrated Bioelectronics/Biophotonics Laboratory (2) spring**

Experiments in design and analysis of bioelectronics circuits, micropatterning of biological cells, micromanipulation of biological cells using electric fields, analysis of pacemakers, instrumentation and computer interfaces, ultrasound, optic, laser tweezers and advanced imaging and optical microscopy techniques for biological applications, Prerequisites PHY 13/22 or PHY 21/22 and ECE 81 or PHY 190, or permission of instructor. (NS)

**PHY 332. (ASTR 332) High-Energy Astrophysics (3) spring, odd numbered years**

Observation and theory of X-ray and gamma-ray sources, quasars, pulsars, radio galaxies, neutron stars, black holes. Results from ultraviolet, X-ray and gamma-ray satellites. Prerequisites: MATH 23 or 33, previously or concurrently, and PHY 21. McCluskey (NS)

P**HY 340. Thermal Physics (3) fall**

Basic principles of thermodynamics, kinetic theory, and statistical mechanics, with emphasis on applications to classical and quantum mechanical physical systems. Prerequisites: PHY 13 or 21, and MATH 23, 32 or 52. Kim (NS)

**PHY 342. (ASTR 342) Relativity and Cosmology (3) spring, even numbered years**

Special and general relativity. Schwarzschild and Kerr black holes. Super massive stars. Relativistic theories of the origin and evolution of the universe. Prerequisites: MATH 23 or 33, previously or concurrently, and PHY21. McCluskey (NS)

**PHY 348. Plasma Physics (3)**

Single particle behavior in electric and magnetic fields, plasmas as fluids, waves in plasmas, transport properties, kinetic theory of plasmas, controlled thermonuclear fusion devices. Prerequisites: PHY 21, MATH 205, and senior standing or consent of the chairman of the department. Kritz (NS)

**PHY 352. Modern Optics (3)**

Paraxial optics, wave and vectorial theory of light, coherence and interference, diffraction, crystal optics, and lasers. Prerequisites: MATH 205, and PHY 212 or ECE202. Toulouse (NS)

**PHY 355. Lasers and Nonlinear Optics (3)**

Basic principles and selected applications of lasers and non-linear optics. Topics include electromagnetic theory of optical beams, optical resonators, laser oscillation, non-linear interaction of radiation with atomic systems, electro- and acousto-optics, optical noise, optical waveguides, and laser devices. Prerequisites: PHY 31; PHY 213 or ECE 203, previously or concurrently. Biaggio (NS)

**PHY 362. Atomic and Molecular Structure (3) fall**

Review of quantum mechanical treatment of one-electron atoms, electron spin and fine structure, multi-electron atoms, Pauli principle, Zeeman and Stark effects, hyperfine structure, structure and spectra of simple molecules. Prerequisite: PHY 31 or CHM 341. Biaggio. (NS)

**PHY 363. Physics of Solids (3) fall**

Introduction to the theory of solids with particular reference to the physics of metals and semiconductors. Prerequisite: PHY 31 or Mat 316 or CHM 341, and PHY 340 or equivalent, previously or concurrently. Stavola (NS)

**PHY 364. Nuclear and Elementary Particle Physics (3) spring**

Models, properties, and classification of nuclei and elementary particles; nuclear and elementary particle reactions and decays; radiation and particle detectors; accelerators; applications. Prerequisites: PHY 31 and MATH 205. Kanofsky (NS)

**PHY 365. Physics of Fluids (3) spring**

Concepts of fluid dynamics; continuum and molecular approaches; waves, shocks and nozzle flows; nature of turbulence; experimental methods of study. Prerequisites: PHY 212 or ECE 202, and PHY 340 or ME 104 or equivalent, previously or concurrently. Kim (NS)

**PHY 369. Quantum Mechanics I (3) spring**

Principles of quantum mechanics: Schroedinger, Heisenberg, and Dirac formulations. Applications to simple problems. Prerequisites: PHY 31, MATH 205; PHY 215, previously or concurrently. Rotkin (NS)

**PHY 372. Special Topics in Physics (1-4)**

Selected topics not sufficiently covered in other courses. May be repeated for credit. (NS)

**PHY 380. Introduction to Computational Physics (3) spring**

Numerical solution of physics and engineering problems using computational techniques. Topics include linear and nonlinear equations, interpolation, eigenvalues, ordinary differential equations, partial differential equations, statistical analysis of data, Monte Carlo, and molecular dynamics methods. Prerequisite: MATH 205 previously or concurrently. Kritz (NS)

**For Graduate Students**

**PHY 411. Survey of Nuclear and Elementary Particle Physics (3)**

Intended for non-specialists. Fundamentals and modern advanced topics in nuclear and elementary particle physics. Topics include: nuclear force, structure of nuclei, nuclear models and reactions, scattering, elementary particle classification, SU(3), quarks, gluons, quark flavor and color, leptons, gauge theories, GUT, the big bang. Prerequisite: PHY 369. Staff

**PHY 420. Mechanics (3) fall**

Includes the variational methods of classical mechanics, methods of Hamilton and Lagrange, canonical transformations, Hamilton-Jacobi Theory. Vavylonis

**PHY 421. Electricity & Magnetism I (3) spring**

Electrostatics, magnetostatics, Maxwell’s equations, dynamics of charged particles, multipole fields. McSwain

**PHY 422. Electricity & Magnetism II (3) fall**

Electrodynamics, electromagnetic radiation, physical optics, electrodynamics in anisotropic media. Special theory of relativity. Prerequisite: PHY 421. Huennekens

**PHY 424. Quantum Mechanics II (3) fall**

General principles of quantum theory; approximation methods; spectra; symmetry laws; theory of scattering. Prerequisite: PHY 369 or equivalent. DeLeo

**PHY 425. Quantum Mechanics III (3)**

A continuation of Phys 424. Relativistic quantum theory of the electron; theory of radiation. Staff

**PHY 428. Methods of Mathematical Physics I (3) fall**

Analytical and numerical methods of solving the ordinary and partial differential equations that occur in physics and engineering. Includes treatments of complex variables, special functions, product solutions and integral transforms. Gunton

**PHY 429. Methods of Mathematical Physics II (3) spring**

Continuation of Physics 428 to include the use of integral equations. Green’s functions, group theory, and more on numerical methods. Prerequisite: PHY 428. Staff

**PHY 431. Theory of Solids (3)**

Advanced topics in the theory of the electronic structure of solids. Many-electron theory. Theory of transport phenomena. Magnetic properties, optical properties. Superconductivity. Point imperfections. Prerequisites: PHY 363 and PHY 424. Rickman

**PHY 442. Statistical Mechanics (3) spring**

General principles of statistical mechanics with application to thermodynamics and the equilibrium properties of matter. Prerequisites: PHY 340 and 369. Kim

**PHY 443. Nonequilibrium Statistical Mechanics (3)**

A continuation of PHY 442. Applications of kinetic theory and statistical mechanics to nonequilibrium processes; nonequilibrium thermodynamics. Prerequisite: PHY442. Staff

**PHY 446. Atomic and Molecular Physics (3)**

Advanced topics in the experimental and theoretical study of atomic and molecular structure. Topics include fine and hyperfine structure, Zeeman effect, interaction of light with matter, multi-electron atoms, molecular spectroscopy, spectral line broadening atom-atom and electron-atom collisions and modern experimental techniques. Prerequisite: PHY 424 or consent of the department. Huennekens

**PHY 455. Physics of Nonlinear Phenomena (3)**

Basic concepts, theoretical methods of analysis and experimental development in nonlinear phenomena and chaos. Topics include nonlinear dynamics, including period-multiplying routes to chaos and strange attractors, fractal geometry and devil’s staircase. Examples of both dissipative and conservative systems will be drawn from fluid flows, plasmas, nonlinear optics, mechanics and waves in disordered media. Prerequisite: graduate standing in science or engineering, or consent of the chairman of the department. Staff

**PHY 462. Theories of Elementary Particle Interactions (3)**

Relativistic quantum theory with applications to the strong, electromagnetic and weak interactions of elementary particles. Prerequisite: PHY 425. Staff

**PHY 467. Nuclear Theory (3)**

Theory of low-energy nuclear phenomena within the framework of non-relativistic quantum mechanics. Staff

**PHY 471. (MECH 411) Continuum Mechanics (3)**

An introduction to the continuum theories of the mechanics of solids and fluids. This includes a discussion of the mechanical and thermodynamical bases of the subject, as well as the use of invariance principles in formulating constitutive equations. Applications of theories to specific problems are given. Staff

**PHY 472. Special Topics in Physics (1-4)**

Selected topics not sufficiently covered in other courses. May be repeated for credit.

**PHY 474. Seminar in Modern Physics (3)**

Discussion of important advances in experimental physics. May be repeated for credit when a different topic is offered.

**PHY 475. Seminar in Modern Physics (3)**

Discussion of important advances in theoretical physics. May be repeated for credit when a different topic is offered.

**PHY 482. Applied Optics (3)**

Review of ray and wave optics with extension to inhomogenous media, polarized optical waves, crystal optics, beam optics in free space (Gaussian and other types of beams) and transmission through various optical elements, guided wave propagation in planar waveguides and fibers (modal analysis), incidence of chromatic and polarization mode dispersion, guided propagation of pulses, nonlinear effects in waveguides (solitons), periodic interactions in waveguides, acousto-optic and electro-optics. Prerequisite: PHY 352 or equivalent. Toulouse

**PHY 491. Research (3)**

Research problems in experimental or theoretical physics.

**PHY 492. Research (3)**

Continuation of PHY 491. May be repeated for credit.